Personal and Organizational Work Values as Predictors of Organizational Commitment
Keywords:personal work values, organisational work values, organisational commitment
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the extent to which personal and perceived organisational work values, as well as its interaction, contribute to the explanation of organisational commitment and its components, after controlling for an organisational tenure of participants. Additionally, we also examined which set of predictors, personal or organisational values, stronger predict organisational commitment. For that purpose, a convenience sample of 217 participants from several middle- and large-scale organisations completed the Organisational commitment questionnaire, the Personal and organisational values scale (which was constructed for this study), and the Socio-demographic questionnaire. Data were analysed using several hierarchical regression analyses. The results obtained show that the organisational tenure of participants, as a predictor included into the first step of the analyses, is a significant predictor of all components of commitment. More tenure is associated with higher affective and normative continuance and overall commitment. Personal and organisational values showed incremental validity over and above the tenure of participants in predicting affective, normative and overall organisational commitment. The relationship between affective commitment and organisational values oriented toward people is moderated by personal values oriented toward people. Organisational values were stronger predictors of the organisational commitment than personal values. The results of this study partially confirmed our hypotheses that tenure, personal and organisational values, as well as its interaction, predict organisational commitment.