THE DETERMINANTS OF SATISFACTION WITH LIFE IN ADOLESCENTS
Keywords:satisfaction with life, perception of parental behavior of mothers and fathers, perception of family adaptability and cohesion, personality traits
AbstractThe aim of this paper was to establish the total and individual contributions of family context variables (perception of parental behavior of mothers and fathers, and perception of family adaptability and cohesion) and personality traits of the adolescents (Big five personality traits and Locus of Control) in explaining the variance of satisfaction with life in adolescents. The research sample consisted of 425 participants (200 female and 225 male). The average age of participants was M=18 (SD=.72). The data were collected using group work method and the following instruments were applied: Children’s Report of Parental Behavior Inventory, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Big Five Personality Factors Self-reported Scale, Externality Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale. The results of hierarchical analyses indicate that described set of predictor variables account for 53% of total variance of satisfaction with life in girls and 52% of total variance of satisfaction with life in boys. It was found that variables of family context and adolescents' personality traits contribute significantly in explaining the variance of satisfaction with life for both, girls and boys. Analyses conducted separately for the subsample of girls and boys have provided a better insight into results and showed that patterns of these relations are somewhat different for girls and boys, namely, that predictors of satisfaction with life are not the same for these two groups. The results of this study clearly indicate the importance of perception of parental warmth and acceptance, as well as personality traits of adolescent, as an important protective factor, which has effects on satisfaction with life in adolescents of both genders.